Diane Kalas, Inspirational Historical Romance Author

“Hope deferred maketh the heart sick; but when the desire cometh, it is a tree of life.” Proverbs 13:12 (KJV)





Thursday, December 19, 2013

Noah Webster's Definition of "Marriage" 1856

From Diane's Antique Book Collection
Noah Webster's American Dictionary of the English Language 1856

Definition of WIFE: The lawful consort of a man; a woman who is united to a man in the lawful bonds of wedlock; the correlative of Husband.

The husband of one wife. – I Tim. iii.

Let every one of you in particular so love his wife even as himself, and let the wife see that she reverence her husband. – Eph v.

Definition of HUSBAND: 1. A man contracted or joined to a woman by marriage. A man to whom a woman is betrothed, as well as one actually united by marriage, is called a husband. Lev. xix. Deut. xxii.

2. In seamen’s language, the owner of a ship who manages its concerns in person. Mar. Dict.

3. The male of animals of a lower order. Dryden.

4. An economist; a good manager; a man who knows and practices the methods of frugality and profit. In this sense, the word is modified by an epithet; as a good husband; a bad husband. Davies. Collier. (But in America, this application of the word is little or not at all used.)

5. A farmer; a cultivator; a tiller of the ground. Bacon. Dryden. (In this sense it is not used in America; we always use HUSBANDMAN.)


Definition of MARRIAGE: 1. The act of uniting a man and woman for life, wedlock; the legal union of a man and woman for life. Marriage is a contract both civil and religious, by which the parties engage to live together in mutual affection and fidelity till death shall separate them. Marriage was instituted by God himself, for the purpose of preventing the promiscuous intercourse of the sexes, for promoting domestic felicity, and for securing the maintenance and education of children.  

Marriage is honorable in all, and the bed undefiled. – Heb. xiii.

2. The feast made on the occasion of a marriage.

The kingdom of heaven is like unto a certain king, which made a marriage for his son. – Matt. xxii.

3. In a scriptural sense, the union between Christ and his church by the covenant of grace. Rev. xix. 


Webster, Noah, AN AMERICAN DICTIONARY OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE, Massachusetts, George and Charles Merriam, 1856


ADVANTAGES OF WEDLOCK

From Diane's Antique Book Collection

“When a man hath taken a new wife he shall not go to war, neither shall he be charged with any business; but he shall be free at home one year and cheer up the wife which he has taken. Deut. 24:5

Advice of Jeremy Taylor

Jeremy Taylor says: “If you are for pleasure, marry; if you prize rosy health, marry. A good wife is heaven’s last best gift to man – his angel of mercy-minister of graces innumerable – his gem of many virtues – his casket of jewels – her voice, his sweetest music – her smiles, his brightest day – her kiss, the guardian of innocence – her arms, the pale of his safety, the balm of his health, the balsam of his life-her industry, his surest wealth-her economy, his safest steward-her lips, his faithful counselors-her bosom, the softest pillow of his cares-and her prayers, the ablest advocates of heaven.”

“Doubtless you have remarked, with satisfaction,” says a writer in one of our popular magazines, “the little oddities of men who marry rather late in life are pruned away speedily after marriage. You may find a man who used to be shabbily and carelessly dressed, with huge shirt collar frayed at the edges, and a glaring yellow silk pocket-handkerchief, broken of these and become a pattern of neatness. You have seen a man whose hair and whiskers were ridiculously cut, speedily become like other human beings. You have seen a clergyman who wore a long beard, in a little while appear without one. You have seen a man who used to sing ridiculous sentimental songs leave them off. You have seen a man who took snuff copiously, and who generally had his breast covered with snuff, abandon this vile habit. A wife is the grand wielder of the moral pruning knife.

Whenever you find a man whom you know little about, oddly dressed or talking ridiculously, or exhibiting any eccentricity of manner, you may be tolerably sure he is not a married man. For the little corners are rounded off, the shoots are pruned away in married men. Wives generally have much more sense than their husbands, especially if the husbands are clever men. The wife’s advises are like the ballast that keeps the ship steady. They are like the wholesome though painful shears snipping off the little growth of self-conceit and folly.

Wells, A. M., Richard A., MANNERS, CULTURE AND DRESS, Massachusetts, King, Richardson & Company Publishers, 1893